Glossary

A Detailed A-Z of Bar Styles In Europe

A

Ale House

  1. A business, such as an inn or tavern, where ale is sold.
    Synonyms: bar, beer parlour, brewpub, pub, saloon

A popular term to distinguish a drinking hole from being a pub or bar. Often these places fall somewhere inbetween the two, but the term in my mind still feels unnecessary and not necessarily indicative of what to expect, limiting its descriptive usefulness.

Example: Arcadia Ale House, Leeds, United Kingdom

B

Baiuca

(Portuguese)

  1. A cheap tavern

Traditionally signifying homely down-to-earth venues offering port, wine, sherry, spirits, though more recently beer. Often they will provide musical performances, so you pay a cover fee on entry which covers the cost of drinks and sundry snacks.

Example: A Baiuca – Fado Vadio, Alfama, Lisbon, Portugal

Bar

  1. A business licensed to sell alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises, or the premises themselves; public house.
  2. The counter of such a premises.
  3. A counter, or simply a cabinet, from which alcoholic drinks are served in a private house or a hotel room.
  4. by extension, In combinations such as coffee bar, juice bar etc. A premises or counter serving any type of beverage.
  5. An establishment where alcohol and sometimes other refreshments are served.

Any drinking establishment with a bar area could reasonably be called a bar, so this is a  safe term one can use fairly broadly. However once you start adding comfortable communal seating and other amenities such as food, pub is a more suitable term to use.

Baras 

(Lithuanian)

baras m (plural bãrai) stress pattern 1

  1. bar place where alcoholic beverages are sold

A reasonably catch-all term in Lithuanian for a pub or bar. Easy to remember as well.

Bierhalle

(German & Austrian)

It describes in direct literal terms what you can expect. Cavernous halls with long communal tables which specialise in churning out high volumes of easy-to-drink lager and hearty food. Associated with Bavaria for a number of reasons but there are plenty of authentic venues elsewhere.

Example: Hofbräuhaus, München, Germany

Bierkeller

(German & Austrian)

/ˈbɪəkɛlə/
noun: bierkeller; plural noun: bierkellers; noun: bier keller; plural noun: bier kellers; noun: Keller; plural noun: Kellers
  1. a bar or pub in Austria or Germany, especially one in a basement.

An underground bierhalle, in the cellar!

Example: Bar Fusser, Nuremberg, Germany

Bierstub

(French/Alsatian)

The word bierstub is an Alsatian word composed of ” beer “, meaning, of course ” beer “, and the word “stub” which designates the heated room in winter of traditional Alsatian houses.

Example: Le Schluch, Strasbourg, France

Bierstube

(German & Austrian)

plural bierstubes\ ˈbir-​ˌshtü-​bəz , -​ˌstü-​ \ or bierstuben\ ˈbir-​ˌshtü-​bən , -​ˌstü-​ \

 

  1.  a room or other place (as in a German or German-style tavern) used primarily for the serving of beer

Literally beer room. These places should be small and to-the-point minimal, focused on drink. Often these days the term is used for marketing rather than any strict application of the definition, so in terms of what you can expect to find, that may differ a little. Often these places will not open until mid-late afternoon.

Example: Mogk’s Bierstube, Frankfurt, Germany

Bodega

(Spanish & Danish)

bodega f (plural bodega’s, diminutive bodegaatje n)

  1. bodega, winery, wine bar

In Spanish, a Bodega is similar to an Osteria (see below) but in Danish the term is completely different, referring to dark, smokey, usually cheaper working class drinking holes. Hopefully a Dane can help me explain why they adopted this word.

Spanish Example: Bodega Bellver, Palma di Mallorca, Spain

Danish Example: Toga Vin- og Ølstue, Copenhagen, Denmark

Brasserie

(French/Belgian)

  1. brewery (place where beer is brewed)
  2. brewery (beer-producing company)
  3. brasserie (restaurant)

Although this can and does refer to a lunch-diner, brasserie is also a more old fashioned term for a pub either offering its own beers or wanting to show off about how many other beers it has, as you will find routinely in Belgium, and often in France.  Expect a café with perhaps a few more pubby touches than most.

Example: Brasserie Bourgogne des Flandres, Brugge, Belgium

Brauhaus 

(German & Austrian)

Either a bierhalle with a brewery attached, or out a more homely house with a brewing operation attached. At their best, expect a fine welcome, hearty food, convivial atmosphere and enormously refreshing beer.

Example: Brauhaus Sion, Cologne, Germany

Brewpub

  1. A public house with a brewery (usually a microbrewery) attached.

Any type of pub that also brews its own beer on-site.

Example: Sheffield Tap, Sheffield, England

Brown Café/Bruin kroege

(Dutch, Belgian, Northern France): Fondly named for their wooden interiors, the brown café is the staple pub of the Low Countries. Normally lacking any cushioned seating and simply offering a quiet egalitarian venue for a drink and a chat. However, with many venues based in historic buildings you can find some incredibly quirky and characterful brown cafes.

C

Café – A venue which may or may not be pub-like or bar-like enough to qualify for this site. This is where Google comes in.

Caffe Bar (Croatia): Ubiquitous, it seems to be a legal requirement for every drinking establishment in Croatia to come prefixed with the term Caffe Bar. Even the menus seem to have come off the same government-regulated printer. Unfortunately it also seems to be a legal requirement for Caffe Bars to be deathly mediocre, swaying from bland promenade cafés to generic eurodance pumping venues with little in-between. You’ll struggle to find venues where much care has gone into creating atmosphere, let alone character.

Cârciumă  (Romanian) : A simple homely community pub, these days with a focus on food. However this is a term that incorporates a drinking hole as well.

Cerverceria (Spanish): A useful way of distinguishing this type of brewpub in Spain (where their focus is usually on wine)

Cocktail Bar

D

Dive Bar: Commonly associated with America but frequent in Europe, these place developed the name dives due to their basement situations which you dived-into. Expect a narrow but possibly quite long space with a bar close to the door and often a stage at the back of the room. There is a negative connotation these days to call a bar a ‘dive’, which is based on the seedy and rough historical reputation of many of these place.

E

Eetcafé (Dutch/Flemish): a café bar with kitchen open in the beginning of the evening, where you can also have a meal.

G

Gaststätte (German & Austrian): A now old-fashioned and quaint format. Old-school pub restaurant with the appearance and atmosphere of a pub, perhaps nearest to the Czech hospoda (see below). Less formal than the average restaurant and reasonably communal too.

Gin Palace: All the rage in England during the 1700s and 1800s, receiving lavish, ornate decoration, the legacy of which is now – in theory – carefully preserved. Whether you like Gin or not, these places can often be fabulous to sit in.

Gostilna (Slovenian) : Now a nationally protected trademark, the Gostilna is a stereotype of a welcoming  country inn, with hearty cooking, enormous portions and folk traditions. You will often find a separate pub-room for locals popping in for a drink, while the guests dine separately.

H

Hospoda (Czech): The universally understood Czech word for pub, also a catch-all term to describe pretty much any public establishment serving beer that isn’t a café or restaurant.  Known as ‘gospoda’ in Poland which, funnily enough, is the Serbian term for a gentleman.

Hostinec (Czech): If you can tell me the true difference between Hospoda and Hostinec , I’d like to know. Whatever difference used to exist is now blurred. It seems to now be merely to distinguish a business for marketing purposes.

I

Inn: A fairly broad term for a pub offering rooms, usually located on important travelling stops. ‘Coaching Inns’ broke up long journeys made on horseback, but these had a nostalgic revival in the mid-20th Century with the advent of the motor car. Now an Inn is most likely associated with country cooking or those enormous ex-coaching inns that have been turned into open plan ‘day out’ family pubs with children’s play areas. The former function of offering accommodation is far from guaranteed at Inns nowadays.

K

Karczma (Polish): See Kocsma/Krcma below

Kneipe/Knajpe (Germanic): Small, bar-like pubs, traditionally focused on offering tap-dispensed beer and often consumed while standing/leaning. However these days you will find these cosy, often smokey and down-to-earth. Don’t be surprised to find sports screens and pumping eurodance.

Kocsma (Hungarian): Traditional Hungarian pub or ‘kitchen’ with basic food served around communal tables. Generally down-to-earth and unfortunately dying out in droves, along with the case of 60-somethings that inhabit them.

Kra (Icelandic) – Meaning not just pub but ‘quiet corner’. Whether that turns out in practice when the beer starts flowing is anyone’s guess.

Krčma: (Czech/Slovakian/Hungarian) Difficult to distinguish between Krcma and Hospoda these days, but Krcma is a more direct indication that the establishment will serve cooked food (90% of hospudky do this anyway) and therefore there is a certain extra onus on the place to do this well.

Kroech (Western Frisian) – A derivative of Kroege (see below)

Kruchma (Bulgarian) – A derivative of Koscma/Krcma (see above)

Kroege: (Dutch, Flemish) Low Countries term for a café, but don’t expect coffee to be the primary concern. These places are often small, minimalist in style and focused on simple beer drinking.

Krogs (Latvian): A Latvian term for a pub or bar, reasonably catch-all as this seems to apply to modern theme bars just as much as old-man venues.

Klubokawiarnia (Polish): Club and coffee house? In my experience of going in venues with this description, it is an awfully long way of saying ‘Bar’, though there is perhaps an expectation for a venue with this name to open later and stay open later.

L

Lokal: A central European term for a neighbourhood/corner pub, most likely serving lunch. Notably this is now the brand name for a nostalgia-chic Czech diner (which is already becoming mediocre and not-so-good value)

M

Mayhane: (South Slavic/Turkish) Meaning house of wine and is composed of two Persian words: mey (wine) and khāneh (house).A meyhane used to serve mainly wine alongside meze until the late 19th century when rakia established itself as the quasi-official national drink of Bulgaria. In Serbia, the word mehana is considered archaic, while in Bulgaria it refers to a restaurant with traditional food, decoration and music.

Micro-Pub: A one-room pub format attempting to revive a time before mobile phones, fruit machines, thumping music and so on. Some have taken on an overly Luddite attitude which even extends to banning swearing. However, the format is very effective in its simplicity, and when done well genuinely redolent of old-time pub going and similar to brown cafés that can be visited in Belgium, Netherlands and Northern France.

O

Osteria (Italian): A drink-focused bar where food is merely to compliment what you are drinking. These can be ancient places with hams hung on wooden beams and food prepared behind the bar itself. Due to market demands these are becoming ever more food-focused and restaurant-like, but there are some that retain the atmosphere of a pub, albeit in a more low-key way.

P

Pajzl (Czech): A Czech term for a dive. Expect these to be based in the half-basements of old Czech buildings where you can still see street level through the windows. Smokey, usually small, down to earth and raw, pajzl is often used just as much as a term of endearment as an insult.

Pijetore (Albania)

Pivnice (Czech): Pivnices are often located in cellars or rooms with curved ceilings and there are many featuring the name that sport that distinctive look. These are food-focused, arguably casual pub-restaurants and rely on being busy to generate atmosphere. However, pivnice, which contains ‘pivni’ (beers)  is still routinely used simply to refer to simple pubs focused on drinking.

Pivnushka (Ukraine, Russia): A vodka-belt term for a beer-focused pub. Often very old fashioned and working class. Definitely the most glam-sounding term, though!

Pivoteka (Czech): A newer term, Pivoteka are often similar to micro-pubs in format, one room, or bar area + side room in format, and the focus is minimalistic, all about the latest tapped beers. These can be pretty good – friendly and communal, or they can be cold and soulless if they go for the craft-beer look.

Proeflokaal (Dutch/Flemish): A ‘tasting house’, a highfalutin term for what are usually down-to-earth homely venues. The tasting will often refer to the Dutch liquor jenever, but includes pubs or cafes which offer a range of beers too. In my experience most pubs starting with this title are likely to be of interest.

Pub: A catch all term for a communal space for people to drink and socialise, but generally not an appropriate word to describe a ‘bar’, where the focus is on the bar area and more on drinks preparation.

паб / Pab: A Cyrillic translation of pub, and routinely used to describe pubs across most East and South East Slavic nations, covering a fairly broad range of informal pub/restaurant.

Public House: The full original term for pub. Self-explanatory, however worth noting that its origins were for families to invite people around to their house and offer their cooking and refreshments.

R

Rom kocsma/Ruin Bars: Bars that have inhabited derelict buildings and not fully refurbished them, instead offering the surroundings as a sort of museum to wander around. Strewn with grafitti and DIY décor, these tend to be individual in character. Most provide a wide range of amenities in order to fill the space. An idea that originated in Budapest, Hungary.

S

Saloon: An alternative name for a bar room, traditionally a space within a wider pub offering more comfort in terms of the seating, or serving to partition different groups of people. Also synonymous with Western films.

Shebeen (Irish) A síbín was originally an illicit bar or club where excisable alcoholic beverages were sold without a licence. The term has spread far from its origins in Ireland across the Commonwealth nations. Pubs attempting to revive the atmosphere of a shebeen are well worth seeking out.

Shishabar: An establishment to smoke shisha and drink tea. Not things we are overly concerned about here, but it has novelty value if you fancy socialising without alcohol.

Speakeasy: Referring to prohibition-era bars in the US, speakeasies became clandestine locations to drink and – inevitably – partake in lots of other illegal activities without fear of arrest. However, since the ending of prohibition, bars are now set up in the style of the time, often substituting exclusivety for the genuinely anti-establishment.

T

Taphouse: A bit like Ale House (see above), this is largely a marketing term to let you know that, shock horror, this drinking hole offers drinks on tap, but isn’t a yuck-disgusting-spit-hack PUB, how awful and common! Generally a term adopted by establishments pretending to be something but not actually curious or bothered enough to actually do properly.

Taproom: (see above) – but smaller.

Tafarn (Welsh): See Tavern

Tavern: Pubs often converted from workshops/sheds/small barns, but nowadays this is simply another word that has travelled with us down the years and had its meaning bent and hewn to mean whatever you like, within reason. Want to call your craft-ale venue in a 1970s shopping arcade a tavern? Go right ahead. Being purist about it, my idea of a tavern is a multi-storey pub with exposed beams, a central bar area and table service. Don’t assume you’ll be getting that.

Tiki Bar: Hawaiian-themed cocktail bars inspired by beachside drinking. Amazingly, rather than simply being another theme pub they are spoken of in such specific terms I feel obliged to include this as a specific thing.

V

Vycep (Czech): Czech word for tap, referring plainly to a tap room. This may be smaller and simpler in style to a traditional Czech pub and will predominantly focus on tapped beer.

W

Wodka I Piwo bar (Polish): Usually a small venue with a young crowd. Knock back a vodka and stand around with your friends supping your beer. As you’d expect, these places are loud and energetic, while the emphasis is often not on the décor.

Z

Zoiglstube: (German) A term for a family enterprise who make use of municipal brewing facilities to make their own beer, and then invite families in their town to their house. Zoigl means ‘star’, and the star (which is identical to the Star of David) is hung outside their house at times of the month where they are open for business. Outside of a few villages in Northern Franconia near the Czech border who partly keep the tradition alive for the sake of novelty, this type of pub is dead. If you are interested I strongly recommend trying to visit.